As traffic decreases, speeding increases
Otherwise busy highways have opened up as a result of stay-at-home orders. However, the Governors Highway Safety Association is warning people of one unintended consequence of empty roads: excessive speeding.
According to a GHSA news release, state highway safety officials across the nation are noticing a significant increase in speeding. Some states are experiencing a surge in speeds at 100 mph or more. Police in Colorado, Indiana, Nebraska and Utah have clocked motorists driving over 100 mph. In Florida and Iowa, law enforcement is reporting motorists driving 20-40 mph over the posted speed limit.
“Law enforcement officials have the same mission as health care providers – to save lives,” GHSA Executive Director Jonathan Adkins said in a statement. “If you must drive, buckle up, follow the posted speed limit, and look out for pedestrians and bicyclists. Emergency rooms in many areas of the country are at capacity, and the last thing they need is additional strain from traffic crash victims.”
Even the nation’s two largest cities are experiencing an uptick in traffic violations.
New York City’s speed cameras issued nearly 25,000 speeding tickets on March 27 alone. That is nearly twice as many tickets in a day compared to a month prior despite fewer cars on the roads. Meanwhile in Los Angeles, speeds are up by as much as 30%.
As far as traffic crashes are concerned, states are receiving mixed results.
Many states are noticing a reduction in crash rates. However, the severity of crashes has increased in many states.
Massachusetts’ fatal crash rate is increasing. In Nevada and Rhode Island, pedestrian fatalities are up. Minnesota is experiencing a more troubling increase. According to GHSA, crashes and fatalities have more than doubled in Minnesota.
That is compared with the same time frame in previous years. Half of those fatalities were related to reckless driving, including speeding.
“During the past two months, Americans nationwide have shown that we are all willing to do the right thing to protect ourselves and each other,” Pam Shadel Fischer, GHSA’s senior director of external engagement and special projects, said in a statement. “We must maintain that same sense of urgency when it comes to the road. Drivers need to respect the law and look out for other road users so that we can prevent the needless loss of life now and moving forward.”
It is not all doom and gloom. On April 1, the Road Ecology Center at the University of California, Davis, released a special report titled “Impact of COVID19 on California Traffic Accidents.” According to the report, “collisions and especially injury and fatality collisions have been reduced by half” in California since the stay-at-home order was issued on March 19.
There have been about 500 collisions and 200 injury/fatal crashes per day in California. For comparison, that number is usually around 1,000 collisions and 400 injury/fatal crashes each day. Extrapolating those numbers for an entire month, that comes out to 15,000 fewer collisions and 6,000 fewer injury/fatal crashes.
According to an Auto Insurance EZ report, the current pandemic ranked among the sixth most significant events in the past 15 years in the U.S. in terms of crash reductions.
It is worth noting that the report only looked at traffic data for areas affected by an event. For the presidential election, that was nationwide. However, the report only looked at Washington state for COVID-19-related crash data.
Fatal crashes were down 100% in the third workweek of March compared to last year in Seattle. In New York City, crashes were down by a third March 9-15. Los Angeles experienced a decrease of more than half. The Massachusetts Department of Transportation reported crashes are down as much as 75%. LL