Truck rates firm up as capacity plunges 17.5%

May 20, 2020

Special to Land Line


Spot truckload van and refrigerated freight volumes on major lanes continued to build last week but the number of available trucks dropped 17.5%, a signal that more capacity is shifting to the contract market as economies open up.

National average spot van and reefer rates on DAT MembersEdge are relatively flat and load-to-truck ratios are not far off last year’s averages, signs that the big dip in capacity isn’t moving brokers off their rates.

National average spot truck rates through May 17

  • Van: $1.55 per mile, 8 cents lower than the April average.
  • Flatbed: $1.86 per mile, 8 cents lower than April.
  • Reefer: $1.97 per mile, 4 cents higher than April.

Those are rolling averages for the month. Entering May, the van rate averaged $1.51 a mile, the flatbed rate was $1.81, and the reefer rate was $1.92.

What to watch

A van-market bounce

Truck rates were higher or neutral on 78 of DAT’s top 100 van lanes by volume compared to the previous week, and volumes were higher on or neutral on 77 of those lanes. Overall, the number of van loads moved on DAT’s top 100 lanes increased 5% week over week.

Dry van spot rates have bounced off their lows and found support at their current levels, which are comparable to 2016. The shorter-term charts show no signs of reversal in the trend but do indicate that we may hang around at these rates until we see a more material shift in demand.


The national average van load-to-truck ratio rose from 1.5 to 1.7, in line with last year’s ratio. Although the national average van rate is running 14% lower year over year, we’re no longer seeing massive price swings. The question is whether capacity will continue to move out of the spot market in big numbers, which would give carriers a little more leverage in truck rate negotiations.

Upward reefer trends

Reefers continue to outperform dry vans and have actually turned positive year-over-year. The seasonal trend is stronger for reefer freight and carriers should benefit from the reopening of restaurants and other foodservice venues in many states.

The reefer load-to-truck ratio has increased steadily from 2.3 at the start of May to 2.87 last week. Rates were up on 47 of the top 72 reefer lanes by volume, led by produce markets like Tucson, Arizona, where the average outbound rate jumped 21 cents to $2.06 a mile last week and the number of loads moved was up 16.8%.

California freight

California’s Central Valley produces more than half of the fruits, vegetables, and nuts grown in the United States. In Stockton, the average outbound reefer rate has increased from $2.25 a mile at the start of May to $2.53 a mile last week on a 4% jump in the number of loads moved. Stockton vans are improving, too. The average outbound van rate was $1.78 a mile last week, up from $1.65 at the start of May on a 6.5% increase in volumes.

At $2.36 a mile, the average reefer rate from Fresno is up 44 cents since the start of the month on a 3% increase in load volumes. On the van side, Fresno had a load-to-truck ratio of 6.2 last week and was one of the hottest markets on the load board.

The DAT Market Conditions Index for vans highlights bright spots for freight, with California leading the way.
The DAT Market Conditions Index for vans highlights bright spots for freight, with California leading the way.

This summary’s month-to-date national average rates were generated using DAT RateView, which provides real-time reports on spot market and contract rates, as well as historical rate and capacity trends. The RateView database is comprised of more than $68 billion in freight payments. Actual spot rates are negotiated between the carrier and the broker.

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