New California ports clean trucks plan requires 2014 or newer engines
July 17, 2018
New standards under the Clean Air Action Plan at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach just got stricter for those entering the drayage service for the first time.
Effective Oct. 1, trucks that are not currently registered in the Ports Drayage Truck Registry must be model year 2014 or newer in order to visit the terminals. The new requirement does not apply to trucks already registered and are current on their annual registration dues.
The Los Angeles Board of Harbor Commissioners approved of the amendment on June 21. Long Beach commissioners followed suit on June 25.
Currently, trucks entering the ports are required to be model year 2007 or newer. Approximately half of registered trucks are at least model year 2010 or newer, according to a Port of Los Angeles news release. Registered trucks model years 2007 through 2013 can continue to enter the ports until the state requires replacement in 2023.
According to the Clean Air Action Plan 2017 update, 2014 or newer engines were chosen for two reasons. First, some model year 2010 to 2014 truck engines are not compliant with the federal 2010 emissions rate because of credits that engine manufacturers received to build the engines. Also, model year 2014 engines are equipped with on-board diagnostics that will assist with engine testing and maintenance compliance. Therefore, trucks with 2014 engines provide the current cleanest engine emissions level coupled with on-board diagnostics to assist in maintaining that level.
The amendment is the latest action between the two ports under the San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plan. According to the news release, this is just the first step of many to require cleaner trucks under the 2017 update to the Clean Air Action Plan. Ultimately, the goal is to reach zero-emissions trucks by 2035.
Upcoming measures include a registration fee waiver for near-zero and zero emissions trucks. The ports will also consider charging a rate for cargo moved by trucks but exempting trucks that meet the near-zero or zero emissions standards. Cargo rates may begin as early as 2020.
According to the 2017 action plan update, diesel particulate matter have dropped 87 percent, nitrogen oxides are down 56 percent, and sulfur oxides have nearly been eliminated since 2005. Greenhouse gas emissions have decreased by 18 percent.
The 2017 update was the first since the last update in 2010. In 2016, Gov. Jerry Brown’s Sustainable Freight Action Plan was set to deploy over 100,000 freight vehicles and equipment capable of zero-emission operation and maximize near-zero-emission freight vehicles and equipment powered by renewable energy by 2030. Last June, mayors of Los Angeles and Long Beach committed to move toward zero emission drayage trucks by 2035.
Various bills and executive orders sets targets to reduce greenhouse gases to 1990 levels by 2020, reduce greenhouse gases to 40 percent below 1990 levels by 2030, and reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.
To view the full Clean Air Action Plan 2017 update, click here.