Crash Causation Study is a fool’s errand

January 15, 2020

Jami Jones

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If you heard an apocalyptic boom emanating out of Grain Valley, Mo., on Tuesday, it was likely the head of OOIDA’s Foundation manager exploding.

Let me back up. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration announced it was seeking permission to do another Crash Causation Study.

Those of us who are relatively new to trucking or those with short memories might be excited at the prospect of truckers being exonerated from the stigma of being the deadly dangers on the road.

To that I say, not so fast. If history repeats itself, as it commonly does, it will be wildly disappointing.

Back in 2006 the agency dropped its Crash Causation Study on a very eager trucking industry. Those of us around at the time were hopeful that some vindication would be served up. We were hoping for another in-depth study that proved what others had in the past: truckers are not the cause of the crash in the vast majority of truck-involved crashes.

The so-called Crash Causation Study did none of that.

Here’s why: it wasn’t a study about the causes of crashes. That’s right, it did NOT study the causes of crashes.

When all was said and done, the study was conducted in a way that relies on a statistical definition of “causation,” which defines “cause” in terms of relative risk.

The study, rather than reporting who was at fault and why, was actually a collision-avoidance or crash-prevention study focused on pre-collision events rather than the consequences.

“Its purpose is to increase knowledge of the factors associated with large truck crashes,” the executive summary concluded. “With greater understanding of the events and conditions that lead to crashes, the objective is to develop strategies to decrease their frequency.”

That purpose and the intention of the study have escaped many who began citing statistics – erroneously – from the study almost immediately following its release.

That’s not too hard to understand when you look at an example cited throughout the methodology summary:

“A truck turns across the path of an oncoming car at an intersection. The critical event is the truck’s turn across the path of the other vehicle. The truck had the turn arrow, observed the oncoming vehicle, and assumed that the oncoming vehicle would stop, which proved to be incorrect. (Right-of-way, which is captured separately, does not necessarily determine the critical event, because the collision may still be avoidable.) The critical reason is ‘false assumption of other road user’s actions.’”

Huh? The car ran the red light, so it is the cause of the crash. Why is the trucker being hit with statistical labels of “critical event” and “critical reason?”

This thing got so out there that the running joke was that if a driver was breathing at the time of a crash, breathing was the cause of the crash. Because after all if the driver hadn’t been alive he or she wouldn’t have been driving to get in the crash.

I won’t get deep into the crash causation terminology weeds here. Suffice it to say the study caused a proverbial mess. It was a nightmare for years, one some of us still have from time to time.

And, here we go again.

One could hope that they would do it differently. But, the problem is any sort of study really is just a fool’s errand.

It’s virtually impossible to study crash causation on the national level that delves down to a conclusion of what or who is causing crashes and why. Each state, each jurisdiction has different ways of reporting crashes. Even if a citation is noted on the incident report, that may or may not mean the individual was at fault or caused the crash.

Muddy the waters even further and look at the way insurance companies assess fault. They love percentages of fault. Client A was 49% at fault, and Client B was 51%. How does one account for that in a study environment.

Any studies into causes of crashes or fault would have to be in a tightly controlled environment at a jurisdiction molecular level. Even then that data could not have been extrapolated to national level because of things like weather and terrain.

The only thing that came out of the last so-called study is that driving behavior was the problem. That hasn’t changed, and no foolhardy attempt to define the undefinable is going to find out anything different.

So rather than get all crazy studying what little we did learn from the last attempt, why don’t we get back to the business of addressing driver behavior and quit putting driver training requirements on ice.

Jami Jones

Jami Jones has been in journalism since 1991 – focused on the trucking industry since 2000. Whether judging Shell SuperRigs or writing hard-hitting analyses, she covers trucking from lug nuts to legislation – always with the trucker in mind.